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TCG127中醫學概論

課程宗旨

傳統醫學源遠流長,博大精深,不僅具有完整的醫學理論,更累積無數醫家的臨床智慧,至今仍廣為世人使用。中醫學的內容,大多數包含在四大經典中,「黃帝內經」是現存最早的醫書,詮釋人與大自然相應的生理學及病理學,現代歸納出陰陽、五行、臟象、病因、病機及養生等類別;「難經」主要在解釋「內經」中比較困難的部分,包括脈學、經絡、臟腑學及針灸等疾病治療方式;「神農本草經」是第一本藥學著作,將中藥材分為上、中、下品及概述君臣佐使,七情和合及四氣五味等藥物學的基本理論;「傷寒雜病論」是第一部理論結合實際的中醫臨床著作,包括「傷寒」及「雜病」兩部分,系統性的講述中醫辨證施治的原則,也奠定理法方藥的理論基礎。2003年台灣爆發SARS時,發現常規醫療結合中藥有助於改善症狀;2015年諾貝爾醫學獎,頒給對於治療瘧疾有療效的中藥研究;2021年全球新冠肺炎疫情流行之際,老祖宗的中藥方更被發現可以用於危重症病患。修習中醫學不僅可以了解中華文化之美,學習保健養生的正確知識,更可以透過現代科學的研究方法理解老祖宗的智慧,真正達到健康促進的目的。

Traditional medicine has a long history and has a complete medical theory. It is still widely used by the world. Most of the contents of TCM are contained in the four classics. "The Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon" is the earliest medical book in existence. It interprets the physiology and pathology of human beings; "Nan Jing" mainly explains pulse studies, meridians, Zang-Fu studies, and acupuncture and other disease treatment methods; "Shannon’s Materia Medica" is the first pharmacological book. Chinese herbals are divided into upper, middle, and lower grades. The book outlines the basic theories of pharmacology such as the monarch, the minister, the assistant, the seven emotions and the four qi and five flavors. The two articles "Treatise on Febrile Diseases and Miscellaneous Diseases" systematically expounded the principles of TCM syndrome differentiation and treatment and laid a theoretical foundation for the methods and principles. In 2015, the Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to the research on traditional Chinese medicine that is effective in treating malaria; when the global Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) epidemic in 2021, the Domestic herbal medicines were found to be useful for critically ill patients. Learning Chinese medicine can not only understand the beauty of Chinese culture, learn the correct knowledge of health care, but also understand the wisdom of ancestors through modern scientific research methods, and truly achieve the purpose of health care.


課程大綱

(1) History of TCM- From Shennong’s tasting of herbs, the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties began to nurture the TCM industry. In the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods, the four classics of TCM began to appear one after another. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the competition between TCM and Western medicine, talking about the current situation of TCM in modern Taiwan.

(2) Classics of TCM – The Yellow Emperor’s Inner Canon

(3) Classics of TCM – Nan Jing

(4) Classics of TCM - Shennong's Materia Medica

(5) Classics of TCM - Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases

(6) Theory of TCM – Yin-Yang, Five Elements

(7) Theory of TCM – Qi, Blood

(8) Theory of TCM – body fluid, essence, spirit

(9) Theory of TCM - Five Zang organs, Six Fu organs

(10) Meridian theory – Hand great yin lung meridian, Hand reverting pericardium meridian, Hand lesser yin heart meridian, Hand yang brightness large intestine meridian, Hand lesser yang triple burner meridian, Hand great yang small intestine meridian

(11) Meridian theory – Foot great yin spleen meridian, Foot reverting yin liver meridian, Foot lesser yin kidney meridian, Foot yang brightness stomach meridian, Foot lesser yang gallbladder meridian, Foot great yang bladder meridian

(12) Off-campus visit- National Research Institute Of Chinese Medicine, MOHW

(13) Constitution Theory

(14) Four Diagnostics- Inspection, auscultation/olfaction, inquiry and palpation

(15) Chinese herbs

(16) Final EXAM


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